Flag Attributed to Dulaien which was also
identical to the flag of Walter Kennedy
Captain Jean Thomas Dulaien
Dulaien used the tactic of hiding his 60-ton, 14-gun vessel among the tall trees on the shores of West Caicos, waiting there to ambush passing ships. He quickly captured over a dozen ships, some of them French, and absorbed the best of them into his flotilla, keeping others for careening the Sans Pitie. He appointed an associate named Garnier to command his consort ship, renamed Sans Quartier (No Quarter). Within a year they decided to divide their plunder and return to France to seek a pardon. After dropping off most of his crew on Tortuga and preparing to leave for Nantes, Dulaien is said to have surprised the crew of the Sans Quartier as he sailed away with most of their treasure, calling out "Goodbye! Farewell, scoundrels! I go to France and I am no longer a pirate."
French officials offered Dulaien a pardon on the condition that he surrender any stolen goods. Before accepting the offer, he and his crew sold their loot and hid the proceeds, leaving some with friends and relatives. The authorities suspected that the little plunder they found on the Sans Pitie was only a small part of what Dulaien had stolen, and they persuaded local priests to threaten citizens who aided the pirates with excommunication. The threat worked, and after informants had led them to the hidden treasure, the officials arrested Dulaien and his crew. The Sans Pitie, in poor condition, was sold off to help defray the losses of the merchants whose cargoes Dulaien had plundered. After appeals to the King, the crew were released, but Dulaien was left in jail for some time longer, his ultimate fate is not known.
Dulaien is best known to history for his authentic pirate Articles and black flag. His pirate flag was described by the mayor of Nantes as "Black cloth, with white designs of human figures, cutlasses, bones, and hourglasses." A woodblock purportedly made from a drawing of the flag has survived, as have other independent drawings of it. The original flag was preserved for some years, but is now lost, possibly destroyed on orders from King Louis XV. Dulaien's flag is often confused with that of Walter Kennedy, which was described in similar terms. Because the original flag is missing and the older drawings of it vary, its exact design is however unknown.
Alternate flag design attributed to Captain Dulaien
BIOGRAPHIES / SOURCES