Captain Thomas Paine
In command of an eight-gun barque, the Pearl, Paine led his crew of sixty men under the command of Captain Brehal, who possessed a French privateering commission obtained from the governor of Saint Domingue. As did the others, Paine sailed under a French flag as the fleet arrived off the Florida coast. However, finding the Spanish had prepared for their arrival in advance, they were forced to withdraw, eventually abandoning their raid after looting the surrounding area. Returning with Brehal and Markham to New Providence, they were reportedly wanted by governor Robert Lilburne, who wished to detain both Markham and Paine for violating England's peace agreement with Spain; however he was unable to do so "for want of a force", and they eventually left for the Bahamas to join Corneliszoon and Woolley in salvaging the wrecked Spanish treasure galleon, the Nuestra Senora de las Maravillas.
Their efforts apparently met little success and he and Brehal sailed north to resupply at Rhode Island. Although New England was traditionally friendly towards privateers, the two were arrested on orders by visiting governor Edward Cranfield who charged Paine with carrying a counterfeit commission. Paine was eventually cleared and Brehal allowed to leave. In 1687, he marries the daughter of Caleb Carr, Jamestown judge, and settles in the same town. In July of 1690, Paine was commissioned to drive the French pirate Picard from Block Island, which he did. In 1692 he was appointed a captain in the militia, and in 1698 he was admitted as a freeman of Rhode Island. Paine stayed in Rhode Island and went into semi-retirement, becoming a respectable merchant. But was also involved in the buying and selling of cargo, including for local pirates like Captain William Kidd, who visited Paine in 1699. He set sail again in 1706 to successfully hunt down a French pirate. Paine finally died in 1715, at the age of 82 and was buried on his property.
BIOGRAPHIES / SOURCES